What is the Importance of Botanical Gardens?
Botanical gardens and Herbaria are significant areas of systematic research and study on flora and fauna of a region. These are the areas of academic and financial significance. Botanical gardens are the conservation facilities that maintain a collection of living plants of different varieties plants such as medicinal, wild, cultivated ones, ornamental, plants of economic importance, of special interests, and of various geographical regions. There are variable not only to foresters, horticulturists, and botanists but also to tourists who are visiting the region.
A large botanical garden owns plant species from many corners of the earth. Additionally, it has green homes, a library, a herbarium, research labs, and many miscellaneous resources such as photos, paintings, illustrations, reprints, note-books and trademarks of many types, it’s therefore not only a backyard but a botanical establishment. Luca Ghini was the very first person to set up a botanical garden on technological lines in 1543 in Pisa in Italy. Currently, there are more than 600 major botanical gardens in the world. In 1983, Handerson documented 700 botanical gardens in the International Directory of Botanical Gardens.
Importance of Botanical Gardens
1. Taxonomic Research:
Botanical gardens deliver invaluable advice on several different plants Neighborhood structures, bonsai, plants etc…
2. Botanical Research:
Botanical gardens provide a wide selection of plant species, including seeds, blossoms, and fruits such as botanical research.
Botanical gardens preserve and spread rare species and genetic heritage.
They supply facilities for courses in plant propagation, hybridization, horticulture, local flora and many more. The educational programs include students, naturalists, and training sessions for teachers, workshops, and more.
5. Public Services:
They assist the general public in identifying the neighborhood and exotic plant species; even supply directions for home gardening, propagation of crops; furnish plant resource; through exchange or sale.
6. Aesthetics and Success:
They attract those who have made gardening their own hobby.
They make job opportunities for a high number of young botanists.